Ten Things to do at Patan.
There are lots of things to explore at Patan (Lalitpur). If we have to list them then here are the ten things that one can do at Patan.
Patan Durbar Square.
Patan Durbar Square is a historic square located in the city of Patan, which is part of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. The square is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is known for its beautiful architecture, intricate carvings, and rich cultural heritage.
The square was once the royal palace of the Malla dynasty, which ruled over the Kathmandu Valley from the 12th to the 18th century. The square features several temples, palaces, and courtyards, all built in the Newari style of architecture.
Some of the notable buildings in the square include the Krishna Mandir, a 17th-century temple dedicated to Lord Krishna, the Bhimsen Temple, which is dedicated to the god of trade and commerce, and the Taleju Bhawani Temple, which is the tallest temple in the square and is dedicated to the goddess Taleju.
Patan Durbar Square is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in Nepal's rich cultural heritage and is a popular destination for tourists visiting the Kathmandu Valley.
Kumbheshwor Temple is a Hindu temple located in the city of Patan, which is part of the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is one of the important pilgrimage sites for Hindu devotees.
The temple was built during the 14th century by King Jayasthiti Malla of the Malla dynasty. It is known for its intricate architecture and beautiful stone carvings. The temple features a two-tiered pagoda style structure and has a golden pinnacle at the top.
Inside the temple, there is a sacred pond known as Kumbheshwor Pond, which is believed to have healing powers. Devotees take a dip in the pond during the festival of Janai Purnima, which is celebrated during the full moon day of August.
The temple complex also includes several other smaller shrines dedicated to various Hindu deities. The Kumbheshwor Temple is an important cultural and religious landmark in Nepal and attracts a large number of visitors from around the world.
Mahaboudha, the temple as a demonstration of dedication to Lord Buddha is located at the east of the Patan Durbar Square. It was built in 1585 by a priest named Abhaya Raj of Patan. The temple is beautiful artistic piece in Shikhara style. The temple is also known as “The Temple of a Thousand Buddhas” as a Buddha image is engraved on every brick. The temple is modeled on the Maha Bodhi Temple at Bodh Gaya, India. The ceramic ware structure is one among the fourteenth-century Nepali engineering good works of art. Mahaboudha is the peaceful place and you can enjoy the silence between the busy roads of Patan. You can see and shop the marvelous metallic idols which are the work of the finest craftsmen in the city.
Godawari, the southern town in Patan is the popular hiking destination for tourists. The place is named after the Godawari river. It is well known for its rich wildlife, splendid environment and botanical garden. Watching the colorful birds, playing with the pure cold and refreshing water are some of fascinating things at Godawari. The place near it, Shanti Ban is perfect for the morning walk and to fill the lungs with the fresh air. One can also enjoy hiking uphill and reach the top of Phulchowki. The serene environment and greenery at Godawari leaves an inerasable imprint on the minds of the visitors and tourist every year.
Ashoke stupas at four directions with a circular base and hemispherical dome is the most remarkable feature of the city. The four stupas at four directions are:
- Lagan Thura – Southern Stupa
- Teta Thura – Eastern Stupa
- Pucho Thura – Western Stupa
- Ibahi Thura – Northern Stupa
The stupas were built by Charumati (daughter of the great ruler Ashoka). Though the stupas have similar appearance, you can gather different experience after visiting each of them.
Hiranya Varna Mahavihar.
Hiranya Varna Mahavihar, also known as “Kwa Baha” (in Nepal bhasa) is located at Kwalakhu road in Patan. As it stands between the narrow and confusing galies of Patan, exploring and asking direction to the local people to reach here is the interesting side of the visit. It is also famous as the “Golden Temple” as the gold colored Great Monastery is the center of attraction here. The three-storied golden temple is built in Pagoda style. The golden pagoda dedicated to Lord Shakyamuni Buddha was built in the twelfth century by King Bhaskar Varman. The place is also famous for feeding rats. The praying wheels, idols, the crowd of prayers, the pleasant smell of agarbatti (thin wooden stick covered in a substance that is burned to produce a pleasant smekk), the shops of thanka paintings, etc. excites the visitors of this place.
Rudra Varna Mahabihar.
Rudra Varna Mahabihar is located at Uku Baha Tole which is few minutes away from Patan, Sundhara. The Bihar is hidden away from the bustle of the city down a small side street.
Among the 15 Bahas of Patan, Rudra Varna Mahabihar is one of the oldest and well preserved one. In the ancient time this historic Buddhist temple was used for coronation ceremonies, with many kings being crowned under its three-tiered roof throughout the centuries. The Bihar is one of the perfect example of fine ancient art in the city. Ornate treasures adorn its walls and altars, with the courtyard featuring many elaborately carved wood, bronze, and stone statues, plus grand stone pillars and prayer wheels, absolutely worth a visit.
Aksheshwor Mahavihar is located at the top of Pulchowk between the busy roads. You can have the stunning view of the city from the top of Aksheshwor Mahabihar. The view looks even more attractive during the month of November, with the clear blue sky lined with wisps of autumn clouds. The hillside is the center of fresh air and silence.
The beautiful temple of Batuk Bhairav — a tantric deity, and one of the Asta Bhairavs of the Kathmandu Valley is located at Lagankhel, Lalitpur. It is said that the temple was first built by the Lichchhavi king, Amsuvarma. Later, the temple was renovated by Juddhashamsher Rana in 1934 AD. The object of worship is a simple rock, but idols of Kumar, Ganesh, and Kumari are also present here. Batuk Bhairav is considered to be the terrifying form of Lord Shiva and it is believed that the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Maheshwor argued among themselves as to who was greater, later Shiva took on the form of Bhairav so as to prove himself the greatest among the three. This temple is the fine exhibit of craftsmanship and architecture. Although the environment is noisy but it is relaxing and peaceful to watch the graceful people performing puja in front of the God.
Jyapu Samaj Bhawan.
Jyapu Samaj Bhawan is located in the midst of a busting Newar settlement, Bholdhoka, Lalitpur. One can enjoy visiting Jyapu Museum there. The museum is the finest example of unity within the people to protect those things what is truly theirs. The museum reflects the life style of the Jyapus, an indigenous group of Newar society. The museum displays the variety of clay objects, wooden and metal works, musical instruments, traditional wears, documentation of various festivals, etc. Each piece displayed at the museum tells the story of the ancestors. Visiting this museum is like tracing the history of the Newar civilization.